Glaucoma: Types, Symptoms & Treatment at Valley Laser Eye Centre

Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that primarily affect the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. It is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, with millions of individuals affected. Early detection and timely treatment of glaucoma are critical in preserving vision and maintaining optimal eye health.

In this article, we will explore the different types of glaucoma, the symptoms associated with this eye condition, and the available treatment options for managing glaucoma effectively. Understanding the various aspects of glaucoma can help you make informed decisions regarding your eye care.

Valley Laser Eye Centre in Abbotsford, BC, is committed to ensuring that our patients receive the highest-quality eye care, encompassing everything from routine check-ups to specialized treatments for conditions such as glaucoma. Recognizing the early warning signs of glaucoma and seeking timely intervention are crucial steps in preventing vision loss and preserving eye health for years to come.

Types of Glaucoma

There are several types of glaucoma, each with unique characteristics and causes. Here are the most common forms of this eye condition:

1. Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): This is the most prevalent form of glaucoma and occurs when the eye’s drainage system becomes gradually obstructed, resulting in increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and damage to the optic nerve.

2. Angle-Closure Glaucoma: This type of glaucoma is characterized by the sudden blockage of the eye’s drainage system, leading to a rapid increase in IOP. Immediate medical intervention is required to prevent severe vision loss.

3. Normal-Tension Glaucoma: Also known as low-tension glaucoma, this form occurs when optic nerve damage and vision loss arise despite normal IOP levels.

4. Secondary Glaucoma: This type of glaucoma is caused by another underlying eye condition or injury, such as inflammation, trauma, or a side effect of certain medications.

Understanding the different types of glaucoma can help guide your discussions with your eye care professional and tailor your treatment plan to address your specific needs.

Glaucoma Symptoms and Early Detection

Glaucoma is often referred to as the “silent thief of sight” because many forms of the condition present few noticeable symptoms until irreversible vision loss has occurred. However, some early warning signs can indicate the presence of glaucoma:

1. Gradual loss of peripheral vision

2. Blurred or distorted vision

3. Sensitivity to light and glare

4. Eye pain or redness

5. Frequent changes to eyeglass prescription

If you notice any of these symptoms, consult your eye care professional for a comprehensive eye examination and to discuss your concerns. Early detection and treatment of glaucoma are critical in preventing vision loss and maintaining overall eye health.

Glaucoma Treatment Options

While there is no cure for glaucoma, various treatment options are available to help manage the condition effectively and preserve vision. Your eye care professional at Valley Laser Eye Centre will work with you to determine the best treatment plan for your specific needs. Here are some common management approaches for glaucoma:

1. Medications: Eye drops and oral medications can help lower IOP by reducing fluid production or enhancing fluid drainage from the eye. It is essential to follow your eye care professional’s instructions regarding the use of medications for the best results.

2. Laser Therapy: Laser procedures, such as selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and iridotomy, can help reduce IOP by improving the eye’s drainage system or creating alternative pathways for fluid outflow.

3. Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS): These surgical procedures offer a less invasive option for managing IOP by adjusting the eye’s drainage system or implanting a drainage device.

4. Conventional Glaucoma Surgery: Trabeculectomy and tube shunts can also be used to lower IOP by creating new drainage channels within the eye.

It is important to note that glaucoma treatment is tailored to each patient’s unique needs, and multiple therapies may be combined to achieve optimal results.

Maintaining Eye Health with Glaucoma

Effective glaucoma management involves taking an active role in your eye care and maintaining open communication with your eye care professional at Valley Laser Eye Centre. Here are some tips for maintaining good eye health with glaucoma:

1. Adherence to Treatment Plan: Following your prescribed treatment plan is crucial in managing glaucoma effectively and preventing vision loss.

2. Regular Eye Exams: Scheduling routine eye examinations allows your eye care professional to closely monitor your condition and make any necessary adjustments to your treatment plan promptly.

3. Open Communication: Ensure that you discuss any concerns or changes in your vision with your eye care professional, who can provide guidance and support.

4. Healthy Lifestyle: Engaging in a healthy lifestyle, including balanced nutrition, regular exercise, and stress management, can contribute to overall eye health and well-being.


Glaucoma, a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, requires early detection and appropriate treatment to preserve vision and maintain optimal eye health. By understanding the different types of glaucoma, recognizing the early warning signs, and exploring the available treatment options, you can take an active role in your eye care journey.

At Valley Laser Eye Centre, our team of highly trained professionals is committed to providing comprehensive, patient-focused eye care using state-of-the-art technology. Consult with our eye specialists in Abbotsford today, and we’ll help you navigate the complexities of glaucoma management. Let’s work together and create a personalized treatment plan that caters to your individual needs and promotes your overall eye health.

Disclaimer: This blog post does not replace medical advice and should not be implemented prior to consulting a fully certified medical professional.



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