Managing Dry Eye Syndrome with Valley Laser Eye Centre’s Expertise

Dry Eye Syndrome, a common and often chronic condition, occurs when the eyes do not produce an adequate quality or quantity of tears to maintain a healthy and comfortable tear film. In this blog post, we will discuss the basics of Dry Eye Syndrome, its common causes and risk factors, symptoms and complications, and the tailored approach you can take to diagnose and treat this condition.

The tear film is crucial for maintaining eye health, lubricating the eyes, and providing clear vision. When the complex balance of tear production and drainage is disrupted, dry eye syndrome can develop, resulting in uncomfortable and sometimes painful symptoms. There are numerous factors that can contribute to the development of dry eye syndrome, including aging, environmental factors, certain medications, and medical conditions. Due to its multifaceted nature, diagnosis and treatment of dry eye syndrome require a personalized approach to address each patient’s unique needs.

Overview of Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome, also referred to as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, is a prevalent condition characterized by the insufficient production of tears or an imbalance in the tear film’s components. A healthy tear film consists of three layers: an oily layer, a watery layer, and a mucous layer. When any of these layers do not function correctly, dry eye syndrome may develop, resulting in uncomfortable symptoms that can impair vision and impact one’s daily life.

Common Causes and Risk Factors of Dry Eye Syndrome

Several factors can contribute to the development of dry eye syndrome, including:

1. Age: As we age, our tear production naturally decreases, making older adults more susceptible to dry eye syndrome.

2. Gender: Hormonal changes in women, especially during pregnancy, menopause, or while using oral contraceptives, can increase the risk of developing dry eye syndrome.

3. Environmental factors: Exposure to smoke, wind, or dry climates can cause excessive evaporation of tears, resulting in dry eye symptoms.

4. Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and blood pressure medications, can reduce tear production.

5. Medical conditions: Some medical conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and thyroid problems, can contribute to dry eye symptoms.

Symptoms and Complications of Dry Eye Syndrome

Individuals with dry eye syndrome may experience a variety of symptoms, including:

1. A stinging, burning, or scratchy sensation in the eyes

2. Red eyes

3. Sensitivity to light

4. Blurry vision or fluctuating vision

5. Eye fatigue or heavy eyelids

6. Difficulty wearing contact lenses

7. Excessive tearing or watery eyes, particularly as a reaction to the chronic irritation

Without proper treatment, dry eye syndrome can lead to severe eye health complications, such as corneal ulcers, vision loss, or an increased risk of eye infections.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

To diagnose dry eye syndrome, expert eye care professionals will conduct a thorough eye examination. This evaluation may include assessing your medical history, a visual acuity test, and measuring tear production using various tests, such as the Schirmer test. Additionally, we may examine the condition of your tear film and cornea through specialized equipment.

Following a confirmed diagnosis of dry eye syndrome, a personalized treatment plan will be developed to address the specific causes and symptoms of your condition. Treatment options may involve a combination of the following approaches:

1. Artificial tears and lubricating eye drops: Over-the-counter artificial tears or lubricating eye drops can provide temporary relief from mild to moderate dry eye symptoms.

2. Prescription eye drops: For more severe cases, prescription eye drops may be recommended to stimulate tear production or reduce eye inflammation.

3. Punctal plugs: In some instances, our eye care professionals may insert small silicone plugs (punctal plugs) into the tear ducts to reduce tear drainage and increase moisture in the eye.

4. Environmental modifications: Making adjustments to reduce exposure to irritants and incorporating humidity control in your environment can help mitigate symptoms.

5. Lifestyle changes: Incorporating regular breaks while engaging in activities that require prolonged visual concentration, such as reading or screen time, can also alleviate dry eye symptoms.


Dry Eye Syndrome is a common and often long-term problem that happens when the eyes do not make the right amount of tears or tears that are of high enough quality. It is a widespread, often chronic condition that can significantly impact an individual’s daily life and overall eye health. 

Our compassionate and skilled team at Valley Laser Eye Centre excels in diagnosing and treating eye conditions with personalized care and state-of-the-art solutions. Contact our ophthalmologist in Abbotsford today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards improved vision.

This blog post does not replace medical advice and should not be implemented prior to consulting a fully certified medical professional.



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