What Kind of Cataract Do You Have? Get to Know the Various Types

Millions of Canadians develop and live with cataracts every year, but only a few get cataract surgery to improve their vision. As people grow older, more of them are expected to come down with this eye disorder. The best defence one can get is knowing the symptoms and seeking professional help when they discover them.

A cataract is an eye condition that makes a person’s vision cloudy or blurry. It usually results from old age and the buildup of protein on your eye lens. Luckily, anyone with this eye disorder can now undergo immediate cataract surgery to restore their vision.

You have to know, though, that a cataract comes in many types, and the symptoms one can experience depends on the type of cataract they develop. This article will introduce to you the three kinds of cataracts you may encounter.

Cataract Symptoms to Watch Out For

Cataract symptoms are highly dependent on the kind of cataract one has, but the three types also share common symptoms other than changes in vision. Here are some of the signs people should look out for:

● Your vision starts to become blurry or doubles
● Your eyes become too sensitive to light
● You see halos whenever there is light which was not how it used to be before
● You notice a change in your night vision
● There are changes with your depth of perception as well
● You find it hard to distinguish between colours

The Three Types of Cataracts and Their Distinct Symptoms

There are three types of cataracts that people could experience, namely:

1. The Nuclear Sclerotic Cataracts

The most common type of cataract that people would experience is the Nuclear Sclerotic Cataract. It is the type that is slow to progress, taking years before it fully develops. It usually starts at the center of the eye or the eye’s nucleus. In the following years, the other layers would turn hard and yellow or brown too.

Some people with this cataract type may experience sudden clarity on their vision for some time, particularly on their near-sighted vision or what they call the Second Sight. But this second sight would eventually fade off.2.

2. The Cortical Cataracts

The second type of cataracts people will develop is Cortical Cataracts. Instead of beginning at the center of the eyes, this vision disorder starts from the edges. It is also slow in progressing but would eventually ruin your eyesight if it remains untreated. Cortical cataracts make your eyes suffer from white streaks that cover your vision.

3. The Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts

Among all cataract types, this is the faster one to develop—the Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts. It starts at the back of the lens and blocks the path where the light comes in, making it hard for people to read and see, especially with bright lights on. If you have this cataract type, you can suffer from glare and halos in your vision, especially at night.


Cataract usually develops slowly, making people fail to realize its existence at first. But if you are having your regular eye checkup, your doctor will have a high chance of discovering your eye disorder as early as possible. Once you learn that you have it, do not panic right away. There is a cataract surgery that can be the answer to your vision issues.

If you are looking for a reliable cataract surgery provider, check us at Valley Laser Eye Centre can help you. We are a vision correction company that aims to improve the way you see and experience life. Enjoy the best eye care treatment with us! Book a consultation today.

This blog post does not replace medical advice and should not be implemented prior to consulting a fully certified medical professional.



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